Welcome to Foreign Affairs to bring you the latest news and analysis from BBC World Service’s Arabic service and the Middle East.
It is a federal structure within the State of Iran – requiring cabinet-level ministers, and representation from two parliaments and provinces.
It is also responsible for protecting Iranians’ rights as citizens of a free country – being in charge of protecting the constitution, the values of citizenship and defending universal human rights.
The president of Iran is elected and is the head of an Assembly of Experts who determine his successors. The current president, Hassan Rouhani, is a cleric who supported reform and wants more progress towards it.
He has overseen the election of a female vice-president and an indigenous language press in Iran. However, the core values of his government has been described as largely within the limits of the Iranian constitution.
It is important to point out that Iran is at the heart of global politics and has a relatively large population. This usually puts them in the spotlight.
Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani is a reformist cleric who supports social change
A related global phenomenon is the Persian Pahlavi dynasty, which ruled Iran between 1925 and 1979.
Despite the example of the revolution which overthrew it, many of its economic and political mistakes can still be seen.
Mr Rouhani has been criticised for what critics call an opportunistic approach and not prioritising progress towards the country’s stated aims of justice, democracy and freedom.
One observer argues that he has put too much emphasis on improving relations with Western powers, but not enough attention on addressing inequality and economic inequality.
Iran has a large youth population, young people who are susceptible to being radicalised
That has increased concerns, mostly among political opposition groups, of foreign interference.
Cyril Dacre’s BBC story on last week’s UN Human Rights Council meeting in Geneva drew criticism from the Iranian government.
He reported the Iranian Foreign Minister, Mohammad Javad Zarif, saying: “Iran is one of the few places on earth where any criticism of the government is welcomed.”
Useful sites and services
Iranian media report the President on most major events, but reporters are being restricted from doing too much reporting on the internal affairs of the country.
Reports from Telegram and Instagram are usually censored, and social media site Facebook and Twitter use heavily restricted.
The BBC Arabic service’s dedicated blog is worth a read for a broad range of analysis in, and outside, of Iran.
Visit our news, features and opinion pages.
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